DANIEL “ALAIN” BRUSTLEIN

DANIEL “ALAIN” BRUSTLEIN
(1904-1996)

Education

École de Arts & Metiers, Geneva.
École de Beaux Arts, Geneva.
Awards

5th Annual International Hallmark Prize, 1960.

Selected Solo Exhibitions

1952 Peintures de Alain Brustlein, Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris, France, June 10–July 5.
1955 Daniel Brustlein, Stable Gallery, New York, NY, October 17-November 5.
1959 Daniel Brustlein, Stable Gallery, New York, NY, March 16-April 4.
1960 Galerie Hautefeuille, Paris, France.
1962 Daniel Brustlein, Entre Culturel Americain, Paris, France, May 9-May 29.
1964 Daniel Brustlein: Exhibition of Paintings, Saidenberg Gallery, New York, NY, November 10-December 5.
1969 Brustlein: Peintures Recentes, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, May 28-June 28.
1971 Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Parc Floral de Vincennes, Paris, France, May 13-June 13.
1975 Brustlein: L’Autobus, peintures récentes, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, October 7-November 8.
1977 Livingstone-Learmont Gallery, New York, NY, April 9-April 30.
1978 Daniel Brustlein: New Paintings, A.M. Sachs, New York, NY, May 6-June 1.
1980 A.M. Sachs Gallery, New York, NY, May 6-June 1.
Learmont Gallery, New York, NY.
1981 Daniel Brustlein: Quadriga Series and Other New Paintings, A.M. Sachs, New York, NY, April 25-May 21.
1984 Daniel Brustlein: Paintings of Paris, Venice, Provincetown, Grüenebaum Gallery, New York, NY, March 6-March 31.
Daniel Brustlein: Vernissage, Musée Savoisien, Chambéry, France, September 8-October 29 (catalogue).
1988 Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris, France.
1990 Daniel Brustlein: Recent Paintings, Kouros Gallery, New York, NY, October 17-November 10.
1997 Kouros Gallery, New York, NY.
1999 Daniel Brustlein: Paintings, Kouros Gallery, New York, NY, May 20-June 26.
2002 Daniel Brustlein: Interiors and Landscapes, Kouros Gallery, New York, NY, October 17-November 16.

Selected Group Exhibitions

1925 L’Exposition Internationale des arts décoratif, France, Italy.
1942 Exhibition to Aid the Work of United China, Grand Central Art Galleries, New York, NY, January.
Cartoons Against the Axis, American Society of Magazine Cartoonists, Art Students League, New York, NY, January 17 – February 28.
Cartoons of the Day, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, May.
1948 Salon des Surindépendants, Paris, France. Also 1949, 1950, 1951.
1951 American Fortnight, Festival at Knokke le Zoute, Beligum, August.
1953 “Second Annual Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture,” Stable Gallery, New York, NY, January-February.
1952 Stable Annual, Stable Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1953.
Recentes Peintures, Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris, February 1–March 8.
Rythmes et Couleurs, Musée Cantonal des Beaux-Arts: Lausanne,” Lausanne, Switzerland, June 20–September 14.
Prix de la Critique Selection, Galerie Saint-Placide, Paris, France, July 5–30.
1955 Fourth New York Artist’s Annual, Stable Gallery, New York, NY, May.
1957 Exhibition of work by Candidates for Grants through the National Institute of Arts and Letters, American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York, NY, March.
Portraits, Tibor de Nagy Gallery, New York, NY, May-June 1.
Holiday Group exhibition, Stable Gallery, New York, NY, December.
1958 Retour a la Peinture, Galerie Hautefeuille, Paris, January 15–February 5.
Les Partenaires Artistiques, La Main Gauche, Paris France, June.
Corcoran Gallery of Art Annual, Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C.
École de Paris, Galerie Charpentier, Paris, France (catalogue).
1959 Contemporary Americans, The Spook Farm Gallery, Far Hills, NJ, February 22–March 31.
1960 Retour a la Peinture, Galerie Hautefeuille, Paris, January 15–February 5.
Constances de la Peinture, Galerie Hautefeuille, Paris, March 25–April 23.
Fifth International Hallmark Art Award Show, Wildenstein Gallery, New York, NY, October 4–October 22.
Corcoran Gallery of Art Annual, Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C.
1961 The Figure: Then & Now, The Visual Arts Gallery, New York, NY, November 20–December 15.
École de Paris, Galerie Charpentier, Paris, France, October–December.
1962 Trois Artistes Américans de Paris: Daniel Brustlein, Shirley Goldfarb, Terry Hass, Le Centre Culturel
Américain, Paris, France, May 9-19; exhibition traveled to Musée de Rennes, Rennes,
June 20-July 22 (brochure).
Karl Kasten, Biala et Daniel Brusltein, Musee des Beaux-Arts, Rennes, June 20.
École de Paris, Galerie Charpentier, Paris, France, October (catalogue).
1963 CORE, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY, May.
1965 Portraits from the American Art World, New School Art Center, New York, NY, February 2–27.
50 Artistes: Exposition Inagurale. Galerie Lutece, Paris, France, November.
1966 10 Américains de Paris, American Cultural Center, Berlin, Germany, March–April.
Cinq Siecles de Dessin, Galerie Lutece, Paris, France, April 19–May 28.
Art Contemporain: Hommage a Marquet, Salon de Montrouge, France, May 2–22.
USA: Arte Vivant, Musée des Augustins, Toulouse, France.
1966–67 Maison de la Culture, Le Havre.
1967 Les Attractions Attentives, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, January 15.
Peinture Ininterrompue I, Galerie Pierre Domec, Paris, France, January 27–February 25.
An Exhibition of Contemporary Painting, Sculpture and Graphic Art, Academy Art Gallery, National Institute of Arts and Letters, New York, March 3–April 2.
Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Salles Wilson, Paris, France, April 1–23.
Art Contemporain et Hommage a Manguin, Salon de Montrouge, May 18–June 4.
Les Artites Solidaires d’Israel, Fonds de Solidarite avec Israel, June.
La Galerie Jacob, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, December 3, 1967– January 5, 1968.
Comparaisons, Paris, France.
1968 Grands & Jeunes d’Aujourd’hui, Paris, France.
Salon IX: Grands et Jeunes D’Aujourd’hui, Salles Wilson, Paris, France, January 1968.
De La peinture avant toute chose, Galerie Yonne, Burgundy, France, August.
1969 Traveling exhibition organized by the Museum of Modern Art, New York, to seven American museums and universities.
1970 108 Portraits de L’Oiseau–Qui-N’Existe-Pas, Musée des Beaux-Arts, January 17–February 22.
1971 Prix de Portrait, Musée Marmottan, Paris, France.
Les Cinq ans de la Galerie Jacob, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, October 22–November 13.
1972 Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Theatre Municipal d’Esh–sur-Aizette, Paris, France, July.
1973 Musee Cantini, Marseilles, France.
Inaugural Exhibition, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, May.
1976 Les Dix ans de la Galerie Jacob, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, April 29–May 29.
4 Pintores de Paris en Galeria Ponce, Galeria Ponce, Madrid, Spain, November–December.
1977 Quelques Peintres Américains a Paris, (Oeuvres des collections Nationales), Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.
Collectors Gallery XI, McNay Art Institute, San Antonio, TX.
Expo, L’eaurmonph Gallery, Paris, April.
1978 Summer Group Show, Shippee Gallery, New York, NY.
1979 Homage a Chardin, Galerie Jacob, Paris.
1979-’80 La Famille des Portraits, Musee des Arts Decemberoratifs, Paris, France.
1980 Salon de Realites Nouvelles, Paris.
1983 Tenth Anniversary Exhibition of Major Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, Grüenebaum Gallery, New York, NY, September 10–October 15.
1984 Gallery Group Show, Grüenebaum Gallery, New York, NY. Also, 1985-87.
Daniel Brustlein, Musee Savoisien, Chambery, France, September 8–October 29.
1987 Janice Biala & Daniel Brustelin, Grüenebaum Gallery, New York, NY, May 7–May 30.
1988 The Art of Music, Bronx Museum, Bronx, NY, November-December 16.
1989 After Vivaldi, A.M. Sachs, New York, NY, April-May.
1992 Janice Biala and Daniel Brustlein, Sala Pares, Barcelona, Spain, September 29–October 18.
1994 A Family: Biala, D. Brustlein, H. Ford, E. Moskowitz, R. Moskowitz, J. Tworkov, Kouros Gallery, New York, NY, March 10-April 9.
1996 Les Trente Ans de la Galerie Jacob, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, April.
2001 Pour Janice Biala et Daniel Brustlein, Galerie Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris, France.
Biala and Daniel Brustlein: A Selection of Paintings, Kouros Gallery, New York, NY. January 10–February 10
2004 Biala and Daniel Brustlein: A Marriage in Art and Life, The Hebrew Home for the Aged at Riverdale, NY, January 13–February 29.
2007 A Life in Art and Letters: Priscilla Morgan, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY, September-December.
2009 Draw: Vasari Revisited or A Sparring of Contemporary Thought, Norte Maar, Brooklyn, NY, June 1-13.

Selected Public Collections

Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD
Hallmark First International, New York, NY
Hebrew Home for the Aged, Riverdale, NY
Musee Cantini, Marseilles, France
Musee d’Ingres, Montalban, France
National Bank of Chicago, Paris
Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, NJ
Réunion des Musee Nationaux, Paris, France
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.

Chronology

1904 Daniel Brustlein is born in the Alsatian town of Mulhouse, France, September 11.
1919 Publication of a brochure titled “Petite Historire de la Guerre en Caricatures.” This is the artist’s first of many publications of cartoons.
c.1922 Studies in Geneva at the École des Arts & Metiers and École des Beaux Arts.
1924 At the suggestion of a professor, Brustlein leaves Geneva for Paris where he continues his studies and finds work as an illustrator.
1925 Participates in his first public exhibition, “L’Exposition Internationale des Arts Decorative,” which opens in France and travels to Italy.
1927 Moves to New York at the encouragement of a classmate who has found a job for him as an illustrator, humorous cartoonist, and book cover designer.
1930 Travels to Mexico and Guatemala.
1933 Becomes a U.S. citizen.
c.1935 Brustlein’s illustrations and cartoons begin appearing regularly in The New Yorker. His first cover for the magazine appears, November 9. Brustlein signs his work as ‘Alain’ by which name he would become known for his cartoons.
Brustlein’s illustrations begin also appearing regularly in Collier’s, a weekly magazine that had established a reputation as a proponent of social reform featuring writers such as Martha Gellhorn and Ernest Hemingway, who reported on the Spanish Civil War, and Winston Churchill, who wrote an account of the First World War before becoming a minister in the British government. Other writers included Willa Cather, Zane Grey, Ring Lardner and Sinclair Lewis.
1936 Illustrates Farewell to Model T, E.B. White’s serialized novel first published in The New Yorker and later in book form by GP Putnam.
1942 Brustlein participates in an “Exhibition to Aid the Work of United China,” at the Grand Central Art Galleries, New York, winning First Prize, January.
Exhibits in “Cartoons Against the Axis” organized by American Society of Magazine Cartoonists, January 17. Exhibits work in “Cartoons of the Day” at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, May.
Marries painter Janice Biala, July 11. The couple become active within the New York School, associating and befriending artist Willem de Kooning, critic Harold Rosenberg, photographer Rudy Burckhardt, and writer Edwin Denby.
1943 Brustlein and Biala host an informal wedding lunch at a downtown cafeteria for Elaine and Willem
de Kooning, December 9.
1947 Returns to live in Paris with Biala. The couple reunites with old friends and builds new friendships with artists including photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson.
1948 Begins exhibiting his paintings regularly at the “Salon des Surindépendants,” in Paris.
1949 Brustlein and Biala summer at Villefranche-sur-Mer. While there Biala spends a day with Matisse at his home and the couple meets Picasso.
c.1950 Brustlein focuses on painting, which has been his life’s ambition, rather than illustrating. His drawings continue to appear in popular magazines including Saturday Evening Post and Look Magazine.
1951 Brustlein and Biala rent the Paris studio of Cartier-Bresson.
1952 Reflecting Cold War politics, the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 is passed by the United States Government, requiring Brustlein and Biala to return regularly to the United States in order to retain their American citizenship.
Brustlein’s first one-person exhibition of paintings opens at Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris, February 1.
Participates in “Rythmes et Couleurs,” at Musée Cantonal des Beaux-Arts: Lausanne,” in Lausanne, Switzerland, June 20.
Becomes a candidate for the Prix de la Critique, held at Galerie Saint-Placide, Paris, July 5.
Continues to develop friendships with European artists including Victor Bauer and Alberto Giacometti.
1953 Participates in the “Second Annual Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture,” Stable Gallery, New York, January.
Brustlein and Biala purchase a small farmhouse in Peapack, NJ.
1955 First one-person exhibition opens in New York at the Stable Gallery, October 17.
1956 Illustrates the children’s book It’s Spring, It’s Spring by Janice Biala (New York: Whittlesey House).
Writes and illustrates The Elephant and the Flea (New York: Whittlesey House).
1957 Participates in “Portraits” at Tibor de Nagy Gallery, New York, along with Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, Philip Guston, Milton Resnick, and Larry Rivers, May.
1958 Begins exhibiting regularly at “L’Ecole de Paris,” an annual exhibition with rotating venues.
1959 Exhibits portraits and landscapes in his second one-person exhibition at Stable Gallery, New York, March 16.
Illustrates the children’s book Minette by Janice Biala (New York: Whittlesey House).
1960 Receives the 5th Annual International Hallmark Prize. Wildenstein Gallery holds an exhibition of the competition, which tours various national venues. Brustlein’s price winning painting illustrates the cover of Art News, along with a feature article written by Jack Tworkov, October.
1962 Participates in “Trois Artistes Américans de Paris: Daniel Brustlein, Shirley Goldfarb, Terry Hass,” Le Centre Culturel Américain, Paris, France (May 9); exhibition traveles to Musée de Rennes, Rennes, June 20-July 22.
1964 One-person exhibition opens at Saidenberg Gallery, New York, November 10.
1965 Participates in “Portraits from the American Art World,” at New School Art Center, New York, February. Exhibition includes Avery, Baskin, Calder, de Kooning, Diebenkorn, Gorky, Rivers, Segal, and Tomlin.
1966 Participates in ““Cinq Siecles de Dessin,” at Galerie Lutece, Paris, along with Bellmer, Feininger, Giacometti, Gris, Kandinsky, Ladoux, Man Ray, Marquet, Pagava, and Tobey, April 19-May 28.
1967 Begins exhibiting regularly at Galerie Jacob, Paris.
1968 Writes and illustrates the children’s book One, Two, Three, Going to Sea (New York: Scholastic Paperbacks).
1975 Brustlein and Biala visit Egypt and tour North Africa.
1978 Begins exhibiting regularly with Gruenebaum Gallery, New York. Critic Hilton Kramer reviews the show and comments, “In everything that Daniel Brustlein paints there is a sensibility of great refinement” (The New York Times, Friday, May 19, 1978).
1988 One-person exhibition opens at Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris.
1990 One-person exhibition opens at the Kouros Gallery, New York.
1996 Brustlein dies in Paris, July 14. His obituary appears in the New York Times calling him “a painter’s painter.”