Oliver Chaffee

chaffee, oliver

Oliver Chaffee
(1881-1944)

Education
Art Students League, with Hawthorne
New York School of Art, with Henri and Chase
Detroit Fine Arts Academy
Academie Julian

Select Exhibitions
Detroit Art Institute, 1908, 1933, 1946
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, 1912
Armory Show, 1913
Salon d’Automne, Paris, 1913, 1924
Art Institute of Chicago, 1919, 1928, 1932, 1942
Provincetown Art Association and Museum
Brooklyn Museum, 1927
Museum of Modern Art, 1933
Worcester Museum of Art
Everson Museum of Art, 1977
Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1986
Taft Museum, 1991

Selected Collections
Smithsonian Institution
Corcoran Gallery of Art
Kalamazoo Institute of Arts
Provincetown Art Association and Museum
Provincetown Town Hall

Biography
Oliver Chaffee is considered to be one of the most important and influential early modern painters and art teachers in what is thought to be the oldest art colony in the United States, Provincetown, Massachusetts.

Chaffee’s early paintings were clearly influenced by his training in New York with Robert Henri, as well as his training in Paris at the Academie Julian, where he must have come in contact with the Fauvist work of Matisse and Derain. Chaffee’s work from the 1910s represents some of the earliest and most accomplished “Fauvist” work done in the United States.

Three of Chaffee’s paintings, all Fauvist landscapes, were part of the famous Armory Show of 1913 in New York. His work was well received and compared to the works of Matisse, Picasso, Hartley, Marin, and Maurer. A review of the show compared Chaffee’s work with that of Maurer, and complimented the “effect of intense sunlight” in his work.