Artists

ACME Biographies

George McNeil

McNeil in Studio-1
Copyright by Helen McNeil, permission granted under Creative Common

George McNeil
(1908-1995)

George McNeil on Wikipedia
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Art and Antiques June 2014

George McNeil was one of the most important and influential New York School artists and teachers of his generation. There is no period during his six-decade long career in which his work is not highly regarded. McNeil’s work has been prominently and widely exhibited ever since his debut as one of only five non-objective painters in the New York World’s Fair Show of 1939. Today, his work can be found in such important collections as: the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Brooklyn Museum of Art, the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, and the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles, to name a few.

Looking back on his lengthy career, McNeil must be considered one of the preeminent American expressionist painters of the 20th Century. His work evolved successfully from the post cubist abstract expressionism of his Hofmann School days, through the figurative expressionism of his mid-career during the 1960’s and 1970’s, to emerge as full-blown neo-expressionism in the 1980’s and 1990’s. With “avant-gardism” as his watchword McNeil was always at the forefront of the American expressionist movement. His extraordinary body of work pays tribute to his enormous talent and his uncompromising commitment to artistic growth.

In a statement prepared for a solo exhibition of his work at the State University of New York at Binghamton in 1985 McNeil commented, “I have been told that my abstract landscapes and my beat up figures make me a part of the New Expressionist movement. This disconcerts me because I have been an old expressionist for so long that it isn’t funny. I am like Moliere’s Monsieur Jourdain who was surprised to learn he had been speaking prose all his life.”

 

George McNeil
(1908-1995)

Chronology:
1910 Born February 22, New York City to Irish-American working-class family.
1922-1926 Attends art classes at Brooklyn Museum while studying at Brooklyn Tech High School. Influenced by the museum’s Societe Anonyme collection containing works by Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp and Picabia.
1927 Wins New York Art League Scholarship and enters General Art Program, Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, NY.
1927–1932 Studies work by French Modernist artists and copies works in Metropolitan Museum of Art. Attends and is influenced by Vaclav Vytlacil’s lectures at the Art Students’ League, where he studies with Jan Matulka. Becomes acquainted with Arshile Gorky.
1932–1936 Studies with Hans Hofmann, first at Art Students’ League, then at Hofmann’s own school. Begins to develop his own theories of modern art. Friends with Mercedes (Carles) Matter, Lee Krasner, Rae (Kaiser) Eames, Giorgio Cavallon and John Opper.
1935 Joins the W.P.A. and serves on the Federal Art project with artists such as Willem de Kooning and James Brooks. Supported by Burgoyne Diller on Williamsburg Mural Project.
1936 Founder member of American Abstract Artists with Ibram Lassaw, Ilya Bolotowsky, Rosalind Bengelsdorf and others.
Combatting the rejection of contemporary American abstract art by museums, galleries and critics, the AAA publishes brochures and organizes annual exhibitions of works by members.
Marries fellow Hofmann student Dora Tamler.
1936–1937 Serves as monitor in Hofmann’s classes and teaches class in collage.
1939 Exhibits in American Art Today at the New York World’s Fair, where he is one of only five non-objective artists represented.
Named by Stuart Davis as alternate for World’s Fair Committee of Selection. Visits Mexico and studies murals.
1940 Visits Cuba for four months. Work reflects Cuban dance and cafe life.
1941 Has one-person exhibition in the Lyceum Gallery, Havana, Cuba.
1941–1943 Works in factories and as draftsman. Receives Ed. D. from Columbia
University.
1943–1946 Serves in the U.S. Navy.
1946–1948 Teaches at the University of Wyoming at Laramie.
1947 Exhibits in Abstract and Surrealist Art at Art Institute of Chicago, first large-scale exhibition of contemporary American modem art.
1948–1960 Serves as Director of Evening Art Program at Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, where he brings in Philip Guston, Franz Kline, Reuben Nakian and others to teach classes. Friendship with Kline.
1950 One person exhibition at the Charles Egan Gallery, New York, a gallery featuring emerging Abstract Expressionist artists such as Philip Guston, Franz Kline and Robert de Niro Sr.
1951 Participates in a group exhibition Abstract Art in America at Museum of Modern Art, New York.
1952 One-person exhibition at the Charles Egan Gallery, New York.
1953 One-person exhibitions at the Charles Egan Gallery, New York and Brown Gallery, Boston. Participates in the Carnegie International group exhibition in Pittsburgh and in the Whitney Museum Exhibition (later known as the Whitney Biennial) in New York.
1954 Has one person exhibition at the Charles Egan Gallery, New York.
[mid 1950s] McNeil’s painting style changes: work remains abstract but uses larger canvases, looser forms and a complex palette.
Work exhibited at HCE Gallery Provincetown, MA, where McNeil spends summers 1948–63.
1956 Has one person exhibition at the De Young Museum, San Francisco; teaches at University of California at Berkeley 1956–67.
1957 Has one person exhibition at the Poindexter Gallery, New York. Represented again in Whitney Museum Exhibition.
1958 Joins life-drawing group with Mercedes Matter, Charles Cajori, Sidney Geist and others (through 1970s); group forms genesis of the New York Studio School.
1959 Has one person exhibition at the Poindexter Gallery, New York.
[1960s–70s] McNeil introduces figural elements to his continuing expressionist style; teaches Art History in undergraduate Pratt Institute
Program and painting in MA program.
1960 Has one person exhibition at Howard Wise Gallery.
1961 Has one person exhibition at Nova Gallery, Boston; participates in Abstract Expressionists and Imagists, group exhibition at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia; again participates in group exhibition at Whitney Museum.
1962 Has one person exhibition at Howard Wise Gallery, New York. Participates in group exhibition at Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia.
1963 Receives Ford Foundation Purchase Award. Participates in Directions: Painting USA, group exhibition at the San Francisco Museum, San Francisco.
1964 One-person exhibition at Howard Wise Gallery, New York. Begins to spend part of every summer teaching and painting in France (to 1970).
1965 Again participates in Whitney Museum Exhibition.
1966 Has survey exhibition at University of Texas at Austin; has one person exhibition at Great Jones Gallery, New York; participates in Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts exhibition. Receives National Council on the Arts Award.
Begins teaching at New York Studio School (to 1980).
1968 Has one person exhibition at Howard Wise Gallery: first exhibition of McNeil’s paintings of nudes in the Dancer and Bather series.
1969 Has one person exhibition at the Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, Iowa; participates in New American Painting:
The First Generation at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Awarded Guggenheim grant.
1971 Works as Artist in Residence at Tamarind Institute print workshop in Albuquerque, New Mexico, during four invitational trips (1971,1975, 1976, 1984). Imagery of New Mexican landscape and Native American culture evident in many paintings and lithographs
1973 Has one person exhibition at Pratt Manhattan Center, New York.
1975 Has one person exhibition at the Landmark Gallery, New York.
1976 Participates in Advocates of Abstraction: The American Abstract Artists 1936-1943 at downtown Whitney Museum, New York.
1977 Has one person exhibition at the Berman Gallery, New York. Participates in American Abstract Artists group exhibition, University of
New Mexico Art Museum, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Figurative works now often represent identifiable dramatic situations.
1979 Has one person exhibition at the Dintenfass Gallery, New York.
1981 Has one person exhibition at the Gruenebaum Gallery, New York; begins Disco paintings.
1982 Receives award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Has one person exhibition at University of Connecticut at Storrs;
has one person survey exhibition George McNeil: the Past Twenty years at the Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
1983 Has one person exhibition at the Gruenebaum Gallery, New York. Participates in The Painterly Figure, group exhibition at the Parrish Art Museum, South Hampton, New York.
1984 Has survey exhibition covering work 1954–84 at Artist’s Choice Museum, New York.
1985 Has one person exhibitions at SUNY at Binghamton New York; Kasmin Knoedler Gallery, London, UK; and Gruenebaum Gallery, New York. Receives honorary Doctor of Fine Arts from Pratt Institute.
1986 Has one person exhibition at the University of Bridgeport, Connecticut. Participates in American Masters: Works on Paper, group exhibition at the Corcoran Gallery, Washington, DC.
1987 Has one person exhibition at the Gruenebaum Gallery. Participates in group exhibitions Working in Brooklyn, Brooklyn Museum of Art; The Interior Self, Montclair Art Museum, Montclair, New Jersey; Elders of the Tribe, Bernice Steinbaum Gallery, New York.
1988 Receives honorary Doctor of Fine Arts, Maryland Institute College of Art. Begins graffiti and topographical paintings celebrating New York and its street life.
1989 Has one person exhibition at Knoedler Gallery, New York. Residency at University of Hartford; has one person exhibition at the Joceloff Gallery, University of Hartford. Elected to membership of the American Institute of Arts and Letters.
1990 Teaches Invitational Master Class at the Fine Arts Work Center, Provincetown, MA. Has survey of lithographs George McNeil: Three Decades of Prints at Montclair Art Museum, Montclair, New Jersey. Wife Dora McNeil dies.
1991 Has one person exhibition at Hirschl and Adler Modem Gallery, New York.
1990s Paintings become overtly psychological and fetishistic. Last lithographs 1991. Paints and revises work through 1994.
1992 Has one person exhibition, Manny Silverman Gallery, Los Angeles.
1993 Has one person exhibition at the New York Studio School, New York; has one person exhibition at Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco.
1994 Has one person exhibition at ACA Galleries, New York.
1995 Dies January 11.
Education:
Pratt Institute
Art Students League
Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts
Columbia University

Selected Teaching Positions:
1937 Hans Hofmann School of Art
1946-1948 University of Wyoming at Laramie
1948-1981 Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, New York
1957-1957 University of California at Berkeley
1966-1981 New York Studio School of Painting, Drawing and Sculpture, New York

Selected Fellowships and Awards:
1963 Ford Foundation Purchase Award
1967 National Council on the Arts Awards
1969 Guggenheim Fellow
1971 Tamarind Institute, Artist-in-Residence. Also 1975, 1976, 1984.
1982 American Academy of Arts and Letters. Elected member 1989.
1985 Avery Chairperson, Edith C. Blum Art Institute, The Bard College Center
1985 Honorary Doctor of Fine Art, Pratt Institute
1988 Honorary Doctor of Fine Art, Maryland Institute College of Art
Selected Solo Exhibitions
1941 Lyceum Gallery, Havana, Cuba.
1950 Charles Egan Gallery, New York.
1952 Charles Egan Gallery, New York.
Hendler Galleries, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1953 Charles Egan Gallery, New York. Brown Gallery, Boston, Massachusetts.
1954 Charles Egan Gallery, New York.
1956 De Young Museum, San Francisco, California.
1957 Poindexter Gallery, New York.
1959 Poindexter Gallery, New York.
1960 Howard Wise Gallery, New York.
1962 Howard Wise Gallery, New York.
1964 Howard Wise Gallery, New York.
1966 University of Texas at Austin
Great Jones Gallery, New York.
1967 Howard Wise Gallery, New York.
1969 Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, Iowa.
1973 Pratt-Manhattan Center, New York.
1975 Landmark Gallery, New York.
1977 Berman Gallery, New York.
1979 Dintenfass Gallery, New York.
1981 Gruenebaum Gallery, New York.
1982 George McNeil: Paintings and Prints, Jorgensen Gallery, University of Connecticut at Storrs, March 22–April 16, 1982.
George McNeil: The Past Twenty years, Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, December 6–31, 1982. Catalogue essay by Carter Ratcliff.
1983 Gruenebaum Gallery, New York.
1984 George McNeil: Expressionism 1954–1984, September 22–November 10, Artists’ Choice Museum, New York.
1985 Kasmin Knoedler Gallery, London, UK.
Gruenebaum Gallery, New York.
State University of New York at Binghamton.
George McNeil Abstractscapes, Robeson Center Gallery, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey.
1986 Carlson Art Gallery, University of Bridgeport, Connecticut.
1987 Gruenebaum Gallery, New York.
1989 Joceloff Gallery, University of Hartford, Connecticut.
Knoedler Gallery, New York
1991 Hirschl & Adler Modem, New York.
George McNeil: Three Decades of Prints, Montclair Art Museum, Montclair, New Jersey.
1992 Manny Silverman Gallery, Los Angeles, California.
1993 New York Studio School, New York. Catalogue essay by Donald Kuspit.
Rena Bransten Gallery, San Francisco.
1994 ACA Galleries, New York.
1996 Nardin Galleries, Somers, New York.
1998 ACA Galleries, New Yark.
1999 George McNeil: the Late Paintings 1980–1995, The Hyde Collection Art Museum, Glens Falls, New York May 23–August 22; North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, North Dakota, September 20–November 1. Catalogue essays by Eleanor Heartney and Johathan Sandofer.
2002 George McNeil: Bathers, Dancers and Abstracts, ACA Galleries, New York, April 13–May 11, 2002; Provincetown Art Association and Museum, June 14–July 21. Catalogue essays by Peter Selz, Lillian Orlowsky,Paul Resika and Helen McNeil. George McNeil Abstractscapes, ACME Fine Art, Boston, Massachusetts, May 6–June 11, 2002.
2003 Luise Ross Gallery, New York March 6–May 3, 2003.
2005 Salander O’Reilly Galleries, New York.
2006 George McNeil: At Midcentury ACME Fine Art, Boston, Massachusetts, January 12–February 18, 2006.
2008 George McNeil: Paintings from the 1950s & 1960s, ACME Fine Art, Boston, Massachusetts, October 17 – November 15, 2008.
2010 George McNeil: The Women, 1938-1972, ACME Fine Art, Boston, Massachusetts, January 15- March 6, 2010.
Selected Group Exhibitions:
1939 American Art Today, New York World’s Fair.
1947 Abstract and Surrealist American Art, The Art Institute of Chicago. November 6, 1947–January 11, 1948.
1950 Post-Abstract Painting 1950: France-America, Provincetown Art Association, Provincetown, Massachusetts, August 6–September 4, 1950.
1951 Abstract Painting and Sculpture in America, Museum of Modern Art, New York.
9th Street Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture, New York May 21–June 10, 1951.
1953 Whitney Museum Exhibitions, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.
Carnegie International, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Stable Gallery, New York.
1954 Third Annual Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture, Stable Gallery, New York, January 26–February 20, 1954.
1955 Fourth Annual Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture, Stable Gallery, New York, April 26–May 21, 1955.
Carnegie International, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Drawings, Watercolors and Small Oils, Poindexter Gallery, December 19, 1955–January 7, 1956.
1956 American Abstract Artists, Riverside Museum, New York, April 8-May 20, 1956.
1957 Whitney Museum Exhibitions, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.
1958 Carnegie International, Pittsburgh Pennsylvania.
1959 Work of Twenty-Five years by Five Contemporary Painters, Camino Gallery, New York.
Painting and Sculpture Acquisitions, Museum of Modern Art, New York.
George McNeil and Michael Loew, Rutgers University Art Museum, New Brunswick, New Jersey.
1960 Contemporary American Painting, Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts, Columbus, Ohio, January 14–February 18, 1960.
1961 Whitney Museum Exhibitions, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.
Contemporary Paintings Selected from 1960-61 New York Gallery Exhibitions, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut.
Some Contemporary American Artists, Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio.
American Abstract Artists and Imagists, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.
66th Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, circulated by USIA in Latin America, 1961–62.
Joint exhibition with Stephen Pace, Walker Art Gallery, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
1962 Continuity and Change, Wadsworth Athenaeum, Hartford, Connecticut.
66th American Exhibition, Paris, France, circulated by the Art Institute of Chicago.
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts Exhibition, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1963 Directions: Paintings USA, San Francisco Museum, California.
Art in Embassies, circulated by Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
1964 Recent American Paintings, University of Texas Art Museum, Austin, Texas.
1965 Annual Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York City.
1966 Annual Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia
Art on Paper, Weatherspoon Gallery, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Nov 6–Dec 16, 1966.
1967 The New York Painter: A Century of Painting: Morris-Hofmann, Marlborough Gallery, New York.
1968 Painting as Painting, The Art Museum of the University of Texas at Austin, February 18–April 1, 1968.
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.
1969 The New American Painting: the First Generation, Museum of Modern Art, New York.
1972 Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, New York.
1977 American Abstract Artists, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
1983 The Painterly Figure, Parrish Art Museum, South Hampton, New York.
1984 Emotional Impact: New York School Figurative Expressionism, Art Museum Association of America, San Francisco, curator April Kingsley: traveled 1984–6 Anchorage Historical and Fine Arts Museum, Anchorage Alaska; Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, University Art Gallery, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida; Oklahoma Museum of Art, Oklahoma City Oklahoma; Beaumont Art Center, Beaumont, Texas; Laguna Gloria Art Museum, Austin, Texas.
1985 Recent Acquisitions, Museum of Modern Art, New York City.
Exhibition of Avery Professors, Edith C. Blum Art Institute, Bard College Center, Annandale on Hudson, New York.
Visiting Artists, Kansas City Art Institute, Kansas City, Missouri.
Survival of the Fittest, Ingber Gallery, New York City.
1986 38th Annual Purchase Exhibition, Hassam and Speicher Fund, American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York City.
American Masters: Works on Paper, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.
Hans Hofmann and his Legacy, Level Meyerson Galleries, New York City.
Obscure Guerilla Chieftains of the Hemisphere, Area X Gallery, New York City.
Elders of the Tribe, Bernice Steinbaum Gallery, New York, December 2, 1986–January 3, 1987; between January 1987–June 1988 exhibition travels to ten other museum venues.
1987 Working in Brooklyn Painting, Brooklyn Museum, New York, June–September 7, 1987.
1988 Enduring Creativity, Whitney Museum of American Art, Fairfield County, Stanford, Connecticut, April I–June 15, 1988.
The Figurative Fifties, travelling exhibition, Newport Harbor Art Museum, Newport Beach, California.
1989 Face Off, Edward Thorpe Gallery, New York.
1990 The Provocative Years 1935–45, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, Massachusetts.
1991 Smith Collects Contemporary, Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Massachusetts.
1992 Big Paintings, Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson, Arizona.
1994 Paths of Abstraction: Painting in New York 1944-81, Bertha and Karl Leubsdorf Gallery, Hunter College, New York.
1996 Abstract Expressionism in the United States, Centro Cultural Arte Contemporaneo, Mexico, D.F. curated and with catalogue essay by
Irving Sandler.
1999 Joint exhibition with Leon Golub, Edward Hopper House, Nyack, New York. July, 1999.
2000 Forum Forty-Nine Revisited, exhibition Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, Massachusetts.
2001 The Stamp of Impulse: Abstract Expressionist Prints, Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts, April 22–June 17, 2001.
2002–2003 Meditations on the Human Spirit, traveling exhibition organized by Meridian International Center, Washington, D.C.
Provincetown Painters, ACME Fine Art, Boston, Massachusetts, 2002.
2003 Recent Acquisitions, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts.
The New York School, ACME Fine Art, Boston, Massachusetts.
2005 Provincetown Painters, ACME Fine Art, Boston, Massachusetts.
Artwork From the Collection of William Freed & Lillian Orlowsky ACME Fine Art, Boston, Massachusetts.
2006 Making it New: George McNeil & His Students, Montserrat College of Art, Beverly, Massachusetts, August 28 – October 28, 2006.
2007 Figuratively Speaking, ACME Fine Art, Boston, Massachusetts, March 23 – April 28, 2007.
2008 The Art of Gesture, David Findlay Jr. Fine Art, New York, New York, April 8-29, 2008.
Summer Salon, ACME Fine Art, Boston, Massachusetts, June 27 – August 16, 2008.
Works on Paper, ACME Fine Art, Boston, Massachusetts, November 21 – December 23, 2008.
2009 Gallery Selections, Hollis Taggart Galleries, New York, New York, January 15 – March 7, 2009.
Days Lumberyard Studios, Provincetown, 1915-1972, ACME Fine Art, Boston, Massachusetts, May 15 – August 22, 2009.
Hans Hofmann & George McNeil, Morrison Gallery, Kent Connecticut, December 12, 2009 – January 31, 2010.
2010 American Modernists in Wyoming: George McNeil, Ilya Bolotowsky, and Leon Kelly, University of Wyoming Art Museum, January 30 – August 7, 2010.
Days Lumberyard Studios, 1914-1972, Fine Arts Work Center, Provincetown, Massachusetts, July 10 – August 3, 2010
Selected Public Collections:
Alcoa Collection of Modern Art, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts
Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, New York.
Butler Institute of American Art, Youngstown, Ohio.
Ciba-Geigy Corporation, Arosley, New York.
Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
DuPont Gallery, Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia.
Exxon Corporation, New York City.
Farnsworth Art Museum, Rockport, Maine.
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, England.
Fort Lauderdale Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
Gray Art Gallery, New York University, New York.
Huntington Art Gallery, James Michener Collection, University of Texas, Austin, Texas.
Hyde Collection, Glens Falls, New York.
Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Ithaca, New York
Kresge Art Museum, East Lansing, Michigan.
Lannan Foundation, Los Angeles, California (dispersed).
Mead Art Museum, Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts.
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
University of Michigan Art Museum, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, California.
Museum of Modern Art, New York
Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.
Neuberger Museum, State University of New York at Purchase, New York.
Newark Museum, Newark, New Jersey.
North Dakota Museum of Art, Grand Forks, North Dakota.
Northern Michigan University Art Museum, Marquette, Michigan.
Oklahoma City Art Museum, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
Palm Springs Desert Museum, Palm Springs, California.
Philip Morris Corporation, New York.
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, Massachusetts.
Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts.
Smith College Museum of Art, Northhampton, Massachusetts.
Smithsonian Institute Print Collection, Washington, DC.
Springfield Art Museum, Springfield, Missouri.
University of Michigan Art Museum, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
University of New Mexico Art Museum, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Weatherspoon Gallery, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, North Carolina.
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.
Weisman Museum of Art, Pepperdine University, Malibu, California.
Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Massachusetts.
Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

 

 

Artist Biography: Byron Browne

Byron Browne

(1907-1961)

Education
National Academy of Design
Also with Zorach, Aiken, and Karfunkle

Member
American Abstract Artists, (charter member 1935)
Audubon Artists
American Artists Congress
Allied American Artists

Selected Exhibitions
National Academy of Design, 1928 (prize), 1929
Art Institute of Chicago, 1928, 1935, 1946
Corcoran Gallery of Art, 1928, 1930, 1947, 1953, 1957
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, 1930-31, 1936, 1946-47,1951, 1954
Whitney Museum of American Art, 1935, 1937, 1939, 1946
Museum of Modern Art, 1939
Worlds Fair, New York, 1939
Audubon Artists, 1945
Carnegie Institute, 1946
Kootz Gallery, 1946 (solo)
University of Illinios, 1951 (solo)
Salons of America
Society of Independent Artists
Selected Collections:
Brooklyn Museum
Whitney Museum of American Art
Museum of Fine Arts Boston
Art Students League
Smithsonian Institution
Everson Museum
High Museum
Fogg Art Museum
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art
Munson Williams Proctor Institute
Virginia Museum of Fine Art
Walker Art Center
Newark Museum
Butler Art Institute
University of Georgia
Hirshhorn Museum
Dallas Museum of Fine Art
Tel-Aviv Museum
Roswell Museum
University of Minnesota
Cornell University
Brown University
Northeastern University
New School for Social Research
University of Arizona
Chrysler Museum
Williams College

 

 

 

 

Artist Biography: William Freed

WILLIAM FREED
(1902-1981)

Freed-Orlowsky

EDUCATION:

Educational Alliance Art School, with Auerbach-Levy
Art Students League
Hans Hofmann School of Fine Art, in New York and Provincetown

AWARDS:

1957
1st Prize, Cape Cod Art Association, Hyannis, MA, Jurors Karl Knaths, Myron Stout and Mary Cecil Allen.

1960
Longview Foundation Purchase Award.

1967
Chapelbrook Foundation Grant.

1976
Goddard College Annual Cash Award, Best in Show.

1984
Adolph and Esther Gottlieb Foundation Grant.

SELECTED EXHIBITIONS:

1928
Society of Independent Artists, New York.

1936
Municipal Art Week, New York.

1937
A C A Gallery, New York, through 1967.
Federal Art Project Gallery, New York, through 1940.

1941
39th Annual Philadelphia Water-color and Print Exhibition, Philadelphia, PA.

1946
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, MA, through 1980.

1949
Gallery 49, Provincetown, MA.

1952
Riverside Museum, Riverside, CA.
Kaufman Gallery, New York.
92nd Street Y, New York.

1953
H C E Gallery, Provincetown, MA, through 1967.

1954
Abbo Ostrowsky Collection, Jewish Museum.

1955
James Gallery, New York, through 1962.

1956
Sun Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 1956
Museum of Modern Art Lending Library, through 1963.

1957
H C E Gallery, Provincetown, MA, through 1960.

1958
Gallery 256, Provincetown, MA.
Burluik Gallery, New York.
Worcester Museum, MA.
Boston Arts Festival, Boston, MA, also 1959.

1959
Whitney Museum of America Arts, New York.
Audubon Society, New York.
DeCordova and Dana Museum and Park, Lincoln, MA.

1960
Esther Stuttman Gallery, Provincetown, MA (solo).
New Arts Gallery, Atlanta, GA (solo).
New York University Art Collection exhibit, New York.
Kresge Art Gallery, Michigan State University, Lansing, MI.

1962
Esther Stuttman Gallery, New York (solo).
Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C.

1963
Hofmann and His Students, Museum of Modern Art, New York (traveling exhibition).

1964
Museum of Modern Art Lending Library.

1965
Esther Stuttman Gallery, New York, NY (solo).
Golden Anniversary, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, MA.

1967
Artisan Gallery, Brunswick, ME (solo).

1970
Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, VA.
First Major New England Show of the 70’s, Boston Arts Center, MA.

1971
Free Abstract Form of the 50’s, Whitney Museum of American Art, NY.
Provincetown 3rd Invitational Show, Provincetown, MA
Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, VA.

1976
Tirca Karlis Gallery, Provincetown, MA, through 1980.

1977
WPA, Then and Now, Parsons Shool of Design, New York.

1978
Provincetown Painters, 1890’s-1970’s, Everson Museum, Syracuse, NY.
10th Street in 1977, Landmark Gallery.
CO-OPS of 10th St., Ward-Nasse Gallery.

1979
Goddard College, Plainfield, VT (solo).

1980
Lenore Ross Gallery, Provincetown, MA (solo).
Hans Hofmann as a Teacher; drawn from the collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the PAAM.

1981
In Retrospect, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, MA.
Adelphi University, Garden City, New York.

1999
Forum 49 Revisited, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, MA.

2001
Cape Museum of Fine Arts, Dennis, MA.

2002
ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA.

2003
ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA.
Beauregard Gallery, Rumson, NJ.
Cherrystone Gallery, Wellfleet, MA.
Hans Hofmann and His Students, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, MA.
Artists from the Sun Gallery, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, MA.

2004
ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA.

SELECTED COLLECTIONS:

Whitney Museum of American Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Smithsonian Institution
Chrysler Museum
Jewish Museum
Provincetown Art Association and Museum
New York University Art Collection
University of Texas
Cape Cod Museum of Art
Magnes Museum, Berkeley, California.
Rose Museum, Brandeis University

Lillian Orlowsky

Lillian Orlowsky
(1914- 2004)

Freed-Orlowsky

 

Education
Educational Alliance Art School, New York, 1932–1933
National Academy of Design, New York, 1933–1934
American Artist School (Raphael and Moses Soyer, Anton Refrigier),
New York, 1935–1936
Hans Hofmann School of Fine Art, New York and Provincetown, MA, 1937–1947

Selected Exhibitions
New York World’s Fair, New York, 1939
Milch Gallery, New York
ACA Gallery, New York, 1940–1942
Educational Alliance Alumni, Educational Alliance, New York,1945, 1946
Provincetown Art Association and Museum (PAAM), Provincetown, MA, 1950–1991
HCE Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 1951–1955
Burliuk Gallery, New York,1952
Gallery Artists, James Gallery, New York,1952–1962
Fine Arts Gallery, Atlanta, GA, 1953
James Gallery, New York,1955
James Gallery, New York,1959
Stuttman Gallery, Provincetown, MA; New York, NY; Washington, DC, 1956–1960
James Gallery, New York,1960
James Gallery, New York,1962
Gallery Artists, Tirca Karlis Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 1962–1976
“Works Progress Administration (WPA), Then and Now.” Parsons School of Design, New York, 1977
“The Co-ops of the Fifties.” Parsons School of Design, New York, 1977“Days Lumberyard Studios: Provincetown 1914–1971.”
PAAM, Provincetown, MA, 1978
“Hans Hofmann and His Students.” Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1979
PAAM, Provincetown, MA, 1980
Goddard College, Plainfield, VT
Adelphi College, NY, 1980
Lenore Ross Gallery, Provincetown, MA
Hofstra College, Long Island, NY, 1981
Ingber Gallery, New York, NY
“WPA Artists.” Hofstra College, Long Island, NY, 1983
“WPA Artists: Fiftieth Anniversary.” City Gallery of New York,
New York, 1984
Provincetown Artists Gallery, Provincetown, MA
Dennis DeBerry Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 1985
“The Gathering of the Avante-Garde: The Lower East Side 1950–1970.” Kenkelebra House, New York, NY, 1985
Selected Works. National Council on Aging, Washington, DC
“The Assembled Image: An Exhibition of Collage and Construction.” (Curators: Jim Forsberg and Paul Bowen), PAAM, Provincetown, MA, 1989
“The Artist’s Eye.” (Curator: Peter Hutchinson), PAAM, Provincetown, MA
“WPA Artists.” New Brunswick College, NJ
“The Provocative Years, 1935–1945: Hans Hofmann and His Students in Provincetown.” PAAM, Provincetown, MA,1990
“The Artist’s Eye.” (Curator: Jim Lechay), PAAM, Provincetown, MA, 1991
Cape Museum of Fine Arts, Dennis, MA, 1992
“USA on Paper.” City Gallery, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1993
Gallery Artists, Gallery Zhouf, Wellfleet, MA
Vernissage Le Samedi, Nimes, Uzes, France
Gallery K + B, Prague, Czech Republic
Cherrystone Gallery, Wellfleet, MA
Selected Works. Office de la Culture D’Uzes, Nimes, France, 1994
Gallery A, Most, Czech Republic
“Provincetown Abstract Painting 1915–1950; From the Collection of Penny and Elton Yasuna.” PAAM, Provincetown, MA
“New York: Provincetown – A ‘50s Connection.” PAAM, Provincetown, MA
PAAM, Provincetown, MA, 1995
Cherrystone Gallery, Wellfleet, MA
Cortland Jessup Gallery, Provincetown, MA
“Provincetown Then and Now.” St. Botolph Club, Boston, MA, 1998
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA (solo exhibition)
“The Art Colony (First Century).” PAAM, Provincetown, MA
National Arts Club, New York City, NY, 2000
School House Gallery, Provincetown, MA (solo exhibition)
Cherrystone Gallery, Wellfleet, MA, 2001
Cherrystone Gallery, Wellfleet, MA (solo exhibition)
“Lillian Orlowsky: Early Masterworks” ACME Fine Art, Boston (solo) 2002
“A Lifetime of Art” Beauregard Fine Art, Rumson, NJ (solo)
“Provincetown Women Artists” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA
“Provincetown Painters” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA
“Summer Salon” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA
“A Community of Artists: The Collection of the Provincetown Art Association and Museum” (traveling exhibition) Philharmonic Center for the Arts, Naples, FL, 2002-2005
Gustavus Adolphus College, St Peter, MN
Price Tower Arts Center, Inc. Bartlesville, OK
Palmer Museum of Art, University Park, PA
St. John’s Museum of Art, Wilmington, NC
Springfield Museum of Art, Springfield, OH
Muskegon Museum of Art, Muskegon, MI
Mitchell Art Gallery, Annapolis, MD
2003 “Lillian Orlowsky” Beauregard Fine Art, Rumson, NJ (solo)
“The New York School” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA
“Lillian Orlowsky: The Fifties” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA (solo)
“Provincetown Painters” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA
“Summer Salon” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA
“From the Collection: Hans Hofmann Students” Cape Cod Museum of Art, Dennis, MA, 2004
“Summer Salon” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA
“Dialogue with Hofmann: 1930s, ‘40s, & ‘50s” Cherrystone Gallery, Wellfleet, MA (solo)
“A Community of Artists: The Collection of the Provincetown Art Association and Museum” Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, MA, 2005
“From the Collection: Provincetown Painters” Cape Cod Museum of Art, Dennis, MA
“Artwork from the Collection of William Freed & Lillian Orlowsky” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA
“Lillian Orlowsky: In Retropect” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA (solo)
“Teachers & Students” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA
“Provincetown Painters” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA
“Summer Salon” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA
Cherrystone Gallery, Wellfleet, MA
“Tell Me What You See” (Elementary School Students selections from the P.A.A.M. permanent collection) Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, MA, 2006
“Provincetown Painters” Beauregard Fine Art, Rumson NJ
“Summer Salon” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA
“Drawings from Hans Hofmann’s Figure Drawing Class (1937-1955)”
ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA, 2007
“Summer Salon” ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA

BIFAS 086

Public Collections
Archives of the Smithsonian Institute, Washington, DC
Baltimore Museum, Baltimore, MD
Cape Cod Museum of Art, Dennis, MA
Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, VA
Jerusalem Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
Judah L. Magney Museum, Jewish Museum of the West, Berkeley, CA
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, MA
Rose Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA

The artist’s statement

I was fortunate to have taken part in one of the most important periods in art in the twentieth century. The 1930s through the 1950s saw a cultural upheaval where diverse concepts in painting went from one extreme to another: from realism to abstraction. In the forefront were the WPA Art Project, and in some measure, the Provincetown Art Association. They promoted cultural awareness of the different pictorial concepts, which were the beginning of the changing scene of plastic expression.

The WPA was a great innovative idea that gave me and other artists the opportunity to concentrate on our work. It was unique in the history of American art and responsible for many murals and easel paintings, which became government property. The artists received a weekly salary plus artist’s materials. We would gather to pick up our checks at 110 King Street in Manhattan. Since there was always a long wait, we had time to talk about the current art scene. It was there that I learned of Hofmann.

The Hofmann School and the influx of European artists opened my sensibility to new horizons. These associations changed my visual perception. I no longer saw painting as an imitation of nature, but instead as an attempt to interpret nature on the picture plane.

I came to Provincetown to study with Hofmann. I found a most desirable north light studio at the Days Lumberyard, now the Fine Arts Work Center. Primitive as it was, it was memorable because the camaraderie and social and cultural exchange among the artists there. At the time, the group of artists consisted of Hans Hofmann, George McNeil, Fritz Bultman, William Freed, Perle Fine, Peter Busa, and Bruce McKain. In the early 50s, they were joined by Jan Muller, Myron Stout, Myrna Harrison, Earl Pierce, and James Gahagan. The catwalk became our forum for exchange of ideas of pictorial reality and chit-chat. In the late 50s, my husband, William Freed and I moved from Days Lumber Yard and built our studios on Brewster Street. Provincetown and the Provincetown Art Association provided an umbrella for artists of all schools of thought. The town and PAAM continue to encourage and accept controversial aesthetic ideas.

The future for me means new challenges, new experiences, and new creative possibilities. George McNeil had it right: “The first eighty years are the hardest, so now I hope for the best: freedom leading to more freedom.”

BIOGRAPHY

Lillian Orlowsky was born and raised in New York City. Appropriately, one of her first exhibitions was at the New York World’s Fair in 1939. In addition to painting, she acted as a textile designer, a gallery director, a curator and a teacher. Her paintings are part of the permanent collections at several major museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art; the Jerusalem Museum in Israel; the Archives of the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, DC; and the Provincetown Art Association and Museum. Her work is exhibited as near as Manhattan, Provincetown and Boston and as far away as Copenhagen, Prague and Nimes, France.

 

Artist Biography: Robert Beauchamp

ROBERT BEAUCHAMP
(1923-1995)

Robert Beauchamp

 

1943-46
Colorado Springs Fine Art Center

1947-49
Cranbrook Art Academy.

1948
University of Denver.

1950-53
Hans Hofmann School of Fine Arts, New York and Provincetown.

AWARDS AND FELLOWSHIPS:

1959
Fulbright Grant for Painting.

1961
Walter Gutman Foundation Grant.

1966
National Endowment for the Arts Grant.

1970
Boskoff Foundation Grant.

1974
Guggenheim Foundation Fellowship.

1985
National Endowment for the Arts.

1992
Gottlieb Foundation Grant.

1994
Pollock / Krasner Grant.

1995
Judith Rothschild Foundation Grant.

TEACHING POSITIONS:

Cooper Union, New York, NY.
CUNY, Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, NY.
Art Students League, New York, NY.
Lamar Dodd Chair, University of Georgia at Athens, GA.

SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS:

1953
Tanager Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1955.

1958
March Gallery, New York, NY.

1959
Great Jones Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1960.

1961
Sun Gallery, Provincetown, MA. Also 1963.

1963
Green Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1964.

1964
HCE Gallery, Provincetown, MA.
East End Gallery, Provincetown, MA. Also 1965.
Bradford Junior College, Bradford, MA.
Felix Landau Gallery, Los Angeles, CA.
Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago, IL.

1965
American Gallery, New York, NY.

1966
Graham Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1967.
Obelisk Gallery, Boston, MA.

1967
Tirca Karlis Gallery, Provincetown, MA. Also 1968, 1971.

1968
Utah Museum of Fine Arts, Salt Lake City, UT.

1971
Simone Sterne Gallery, New Orleans, LA.

1972
Dain Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1973.

1974
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

1976
Terry Dintefass Gallery, New York, NY.

1978
Monique Knowlton Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1979, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1985, 1995.

1982
Lamar Dodd Museum, La Grange, GA.
Landmark Gallery, New York, NY.

1984
Retrospective, Everson Museum, Syracuse, NY
Fay Gold Gallery, Altlanta, GA. Also 1985.

1985
Retrospective, Greenville Museum, Greenville, GA

1987
Gruenbaum Gallery, New York, NY.

1988
M-13 Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993.
Locus Gallery, San Antonio, TX.
Phoenix Gallery, Provincetown, MA.

1989
Vanderwoude-Tannenbaum Gallery, New York, NY.

1991
Berta Walker Gallery, Provincetown, MA.

1992
Andre Zarre Gallery, New York, NY.
Longpoint Gallery, Provincetown, MA.

1993
Carone Gallery, Fort Lauderdale, FL.

1995
Memorial Exhibit, Long Point Gallery, Provincetown, MA.

1996
Memorial Exhibit, Monique Knowlton Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1997.
A Small Retrospective, Cherrystone Gallery, Wellfleet, MA.

1998
Robert Beauchamp-A Passion for Paint…The Final Years, Provincetown Art Association & Museum, Provincetown, MA.

1999
Fantasy and Angst in the Art of Robert Beauchamp, Boston Psychoanalytic Society and Institute, Boston, MA.

1999-2000
The King and the Fool Walk in the Rain, Iris & B Gerald Cantor Art Gallery, College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, MA.

2002
Robert Beauchamp: Late Paintings, ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA.

2003
David Findlay Jr. Fine Art, New York, NY. Also 2008.

2004
Beauregard Fine Art Gallery, Rumson, NJ.

2005
Cherrystone Gallery, Wellfleet, MA.

2006
Pollock Gallery, Meadows School of the Arts, Southern Methodist            University, Dallas, TX.

SELECTED GROUP EXHIBITIONS:

1953
Walker Art Institute, Minneapolis, MN.

1955
Stable Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1956, 1957, 1958.
Tanager Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1960, 1961.

1956
James Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1957.

1957
March Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1958.

1958
Area Gallery, New York, NY.
St. Marks in the Bowery Gallery, New York, NY.

1959
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY.
International Arts Gallery, New York, NY.
Haansa Gallery, New York, NY.

1960
Green Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1961.
Zabriskie Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1961.

1961
Visual Arts Gallery, New York, NY.
Whitney Museum of Art Biennial, New York, NY. Also 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969.

1962
American Gallery, New York, NY.
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY.
Roland de Aenelle Gallery, New York, NY.

1972
Ten Independents, Guggenheim Museum of Art, New York, NY.

1981
Southeastern Drawing Invitational, Huntsville Museum of Art, Huntsville, AL.
Five Figurative Painters, Huntsville Museum of Art, Huntsville, AL.
Nassau County Museum of Contemporary Art, NY.
A New Beastiary, Virginia Museum of Art, Richmond, VA.

1982
Cranbrook Academy of Art Museum, Bloomfield Hills, MW.

1983
University of Georgia Art Museum, Athens, GA.

1984
Monique Knowlton Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1994, 1995, 1997.

1990
Invitational, Provincetown Art Association & Museum, Provincetown, MA.

1993
Longpoint Gallery, Provincetown, MA. Also 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997.

1996
Field and Stream, Monique Knowlton Gallery, New York, NY.

1998
Cape Museum of Fine Arts, Dennis, MA. Also 1999.
Fine Arts Work Center, Provincetown, MA.

1999
Figurative Expressionists of Provincetown, Berta Walker Gallery, Provincetown, MA.

2002
Figural Expressionism, ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA.

SELECTED COLLECTIONS:

Dow Hones and Co., New York, NY.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY.
The Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY.
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY.
The Hirshhorn Museum & Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.
The National Gallery, Washington, DC.
The Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, PA.
The Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, NY.
The Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA.
The Denver Museum of Art, Denver, CO.
The Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, CT.
University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Amherst, MA.
University of California at Berkeley, CA.
American Federation of the Arts, Museum Purchase Fund, New York, NY.
Herbert F. Johnson Museum, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.
I.T.&T. Collection, New York, NY.
Estee Lauder Inc. Collection, New York, NY.
University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.
Chase Manhattan Bank, New York, NY.
Lamar Dodd Museum, La Grange, GA.
Tucson University Museum, Tucson, AZ.
The Everson Museum, Syracuse, NY.
The Seattle Museum of Art, Seattle, WA.
Telfair Museum of Art, Savannah, GA.
University of Richmond, Richmond, VA.
Provincetown Art Association & Museum, Provincetown, MA.
Cape Cod Museum of Art, Dennis, MA.
University of Nebraska, Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery & Sculpture Garden, Lincoln, NA.
College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, MA.
Kresge Art Museum, Michigan State University, MI.