Breezy Vitality in Hofmann Drawings By Cate McQuaid
Hans Hofmann, the great abstract expressionist and teacher, was a master of tensions. He taught his students in New York and Provincetown about the “push and pull” of composition: The contrasts in color relationships, juxtapositions of forms, and the conflict between spatial illusion and flat surface. Hofmann was a great proponent of intuitive, automatic drawing,yet he would have students labor for weeks over a single still life.
“Hans Hofmann Early Drawings,” now up at ACME Fine Art, demonstrates the vitality of his line. Executed with a matchstick dipped in ink, and sometimes made on the fly in his roadster, the drawings come across as breezy finger exercises. The more you look at them, though, the more you see.
A voluptuous leaf takes center stage in “Untitled Sunflower.” The plant, with its sinewy stalk and lolling leaves, nearly bursts off the page, pushing into the extreme foreground, underscored by smoky shadows on either side. Yet it takes a moment to find the blossom: a spiky, awkward starburst atop a lean stem, seeming to float like a setting sun amid the far distant hills.
Hofmann simplifies forms in a way that makes them, strangely, at once idiosyncratic and archetypal. He dramatically telescopes space, jamming great distances into small frames. In “Untitled Landscape,” for instance, the steering wheel of his roadster sits in the foreground, and Provincetown Harbor stretches out at a steep angle in the distance.
He drew the sunflower in 1943. Most of the works here were made in the 1930s, soon after Hofmann emigrated from Germany. He was in his 50s, so to call these drawings “early” seems a misnomer. But it was here that he made his name as a painter and teacher of abstract expressionism, an American wave that moved the focus of contemporary art from Paris to New York.
A small pendant exhibition, “Figure by Four,” features drawings made by students in Hofmann’s classes. Lillian Orlowsky’s “Figure Drawing 01″ shows the way he taught cubist figuration, blocking the body out in angles and volumes; this one pivots around vertical and diagonal axes. The teacher has mapped out an instruction in a box on the upper left; you can see its echo in Orlowsky’s sharp angles, and in the small circle at one knee.
There are a couple of black and red gouaches here, but Hofmann’s legendary strident colors are mostly missing. What we get instead, in his drawings and those of his students, is a relentless and lively investigation of structure, space, and form, pushed and pulled in ways that make them spring off the page.
ACME Fine Art will conclude the gallery’s 2013 season with an important exhibition that consists of a group of sixteen rare drawings by one of Abstract Expressionism’s quintessential teachers and practitioners: Hans Hofmann. The exhibition will open with a reception from 5:00 to 9:00 p.m. on 1 November 2013 in conjunction with SoWa Boston’s First Friday festivities, and it will run through Saturday 11 January 2014.
The drawings featured in the exhibition were created by Hofmann between the late 1930s and the mid-1940s when he was teaching at his eponymously named schools in New York and Provincetown. Most of the featured drawings were made in Provincetown and many are, in fact, plein air landscape sketches of Truro and Provincetown that depict dune, town, railroad, and harbor scenes. Some were drawn from Hofmann’s well used roadster, and cleverly capture the car’s steering wheel and windshield in the foreground. Other drawings are figure based abstractions drawn from the model. All of them brilliantly manage to bridge the gap between Hofmann’s cubist roots and the then avant-garde Abstract Expressionist movement that at the time had yet to be definitively named. All of the drawings are an education for the eye, and the vast majority of them have never been exhibited before. Regardless of their age, this group of drawings –both singularly and collectively- convey the spontaneity of expression and the vitality of spirit that are the hallmarks of Hofmann’s most important work.
Concurrently in the gallery’s Front Room, ACME Fine Art will present an outstanding small group of figure drawings by distinguished mid-century artists Seong Moy, Haynes Ownby, Myrna Harrison, William Freed and Lillian Orlowsky that were made under Hans Hofmann’s tutelage between 1937 and 1952. The exhibition is titled Figure by Four. Each drawing making up the exhibition was made in charcoal on the 25 x 19 inch paper that was a common format for students in the Hofmann program. The stylistic diversity of this group of works demonstrates both Hofmann’s ability to customize his critique in dialogue with students, and the ability of these particular artist/students to respond successfully in their own unique voices.
The exhibitions: HANS HOFMANN Early Drawings and Figure by Four will both be on view in the gallery from 1 November to 11 January and will also be on view on- line at www.acmefineart.com. For further information about the artists or the exhibitions please contact the gallery at 617.585.9551 or email@example.com. ACME Fine Art is now located at 1Thayer Street at 450 Harrison Avenue in Boston’s South End. Free parking is available. Gallery hours are 11:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Wednesday through Saturday and by appointment at your convenience.
Polytechnik Art School, USSR
Pavel Filonov School, USSR
Roerich Museum, 1932 (solo)
Cincinnati Art Museum, 1939
Art of This Century, Peggy Guggenheim, 1943
Critics Choice, Cincinnati, 1945
Whitney Museum of American Art, 1946-66
National Academy of Design, 1946
Library of Congress, 1944, 1946
Armory Show NY, 1945
American University, 1946
Betty Parsons Gallery, 1947-62
San Francisco Art Museum, 1944
Art Institute of Chicago, 1947 (prize)
Brooklyn Museum, 1947 (retrospective)- 68
Carnegie Institute, 1952
Corcoran Gallery of Art, biennials 1947-63
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, 1962
Venice Biennales, 1956, 1970
Sao Paulo Biennale
Associated American Artists
MacDowell Colony fellow
Museum of Modern Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Art Institute of Chicago
Addison Gallery of American Art
National Museum of American Art
Sao Paulo Museum of Art
Provincetown Art Association and Museum
Hans Hoffman School of Fine Arts
Goddard College, Plainfield, VT
School of Printing Trades, New York
Longview Purchase Grant, 1959
Adolph and Esther Gottlieb Award, 1984
Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art, Philadelphia, PA, 1954
James Gallery (founding member) NYC, 1954 (solo), 1955 (solo), 1956, 1957
Sun Gallery, Provincetown, MA 1955, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959
H.C.E. Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 1956, 1957
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown MA, 1956, 1978, 1981,
1990, 2000, 2001
United Nations Sponsored Traveling Exhibit to 64 Nations, 1957
University of California Berkeley, 1960
Museum of Modern Art, NYC, 1960
Chrysler Museum, Provincetown, MA, 1962
Whitney Museum of American Art, NYC, 1963
Bradford College, MA, 1967 (solo)
Bundy Museum, Waitsfield, VT, 1967 (solo), 1976
Bard College, 1968 (solo)
The Fleming Museum, Burlington, VT, 1976
Everson Museum, Syracuse, NY, 1977
Goddard College, VT, 1978, 1970, 1951 (solo)
Tirca Karlis Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 1981, 1982 (solo), 1983, 1984 (solo),
1985 (solo), 1986 (solo)
Dibden Gallery, Johnson College, VT, 1984 (solo)
Vermont Council on the Arts, Governors Pavilion Building, Montpelier VT, 1989
The Hillyer Gallery, Smith College, 1994
Clarke Galleries, West Palm Beach, FL, 2000 (solo)
James Gahagan & Hank Jensen, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, 2002
James Gahagan at Mid-Century, ACME Fine Art, Boston, MA, 2008
Metropolitan Museum Archives, New York, NY
The Chrysler Museum, Norfolk, VA
Berkeley Museum, University of California, Berkeley, CA
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, MA
Cape Cod Museum of Art, Dennis MA
Following in Hofmann’s footsteps, James Gahagan was an accomplished painter as well as a beloved teacher and mentor to others. Inspired by nature, his sensitivity to color relationships and spatial dynamics made him one of the most skillful American colorists.
Born in Brooklyn in 1927, Gahagan claimed that his serious interest in art did not manifest until he was in high school, though some of his earliest memories included selling large scale, hand-drawn renditions of Disney characters to his family members for twenty-five cents.
Gahagan’s ideas about color challenged the accepted norms of the day, even at an early age. Arguing emotionally with a high school art teacher about his use of “invented colors” in a landscape painting, he defended his artistic license: “To me it just seemed the natural thing to do. I just perceived color as beautiful and used it freely, even as I tried to capture the scene I was viewing or imagining.”
Gahagan was one of the many artists in the late 1940s that were able to pursue their studies thanks to the G.I Bill. After serving in the Navy during World War II, he attended Goddard College in Plainfield, Vermont (1947-51) where he studied with two former Hofmann students. He soon moved to New York, where he himself began attending the Hans Hofmann School of Art and became involved with the then-burgeoning abstract movement. His visual vocabulary developed during his years as Associate Director of the Hofmann School and as Hofmann’s assistant during the creation of two major mosaic murals in New York City.
A staunch activist for artists’ rights, Gahagan was a motivating force among his New York contemporaries, acting as a principal organizer and the first elected President of the Artist Tenants Association. In this role, Gahagan led a successful strike by artists to win zoning for artists’ lofts in New York in 1962. This resulted in the establishment of several early artists’ buildings, including the Westbeth, one of the largest artist’s community buildings in the world. In a 1962 article in the New York Times Magazine, the artist spoke for many of his colleagues when he described the artist’s classic battle between a life of financial stability and one of artistic integrity: “It becomes a sort of contest of values… Do we give up our personal freedom and artistic goals and a way of life for job security, a developmental higher salary, Blue Cross insurance policies and a new car? And is it a fair trade? We’ve decided it isn’t. In the end, we feel we have more, not less.”
Gahagan taught painting at Pratt Institute (1965-1971), Columbia University Graduate School of the Arts (1968-1971), and Goddard College (1971-1979), where he became Chairman of the Art Department. He opened the James Gahagan School of Fine Arts in Woodbury, Vermont during the summers of 1971-1974 and was invited to be a visiting artist at Notre Dame University (1978) and at Humboldt State University in California (1989). He was invited to teach at the founding of the prestigious Vermont Studio Center (1984-1999) and in 1991-92 became the resident Artist/Critic at the International Art Workshop in New Zealand.
He has exhibited his work extensively in New York and Provincetown, and has also periodically shown in San Francisco, Los Angeles and Paris. His work is represented in the public collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; The Chrysler Museum in Norfolk, Virginia; and the University Art Museum in Berkeley, among others.
He died at his home in Woodbury, Vermont in 1999 at the age of 71.
This year ACME Fine Art will open the gallery’s much-anticipated annual Summer Salon exhibition in new digs at 450 Harrison Avenue, Suite 308 in Boston’s South End. The opening will coincide with SoWa’s First Friday events on Friday the 5th of July, and the gallery will be open from 3:00 to 8:00 on that evening. The exhibition will be on view through Saturday 17 August.
This year’s Summer Salon will feature a variety of summer-themed artworks created during the twentieth century at New England’s renowned summer art colonies, as well as a selection of Gallery Director David Cowan’s personal favorite works reprised from gallery and museum exhibitions of the 2012/2013 season. Highlights will include a very rare, early watercolor of the Provincetown waterfront by Edwin Dickinson, a mid-career gem titled Polynesian I (small version) by Hans Hofmann, an important oil painting titledSeaside Holiday by Kenneth Stubbs that was featured in the recent Tides of Provincetown exhibition mounted by the New Britain Museum of American Art, and an oil painting by Dorothy Eisner from her celebrated Croquet Series that was created on Cranberry Island, Maine during the 1970s. Other artists whose artwork will form a part of the exhibition include: Michael Loew, Charles Littler, Myrna Harrison, Haynes Ownby, George Lloyd, William Freed, Lillian Orlowsky, Maurice Freedman, Panos Ghikas, Daniel Brustlein, and Jack Tworkov.
Timed to coincide with what promises to be a blockbuster exhibition titled Pioneers of Provincetown that is being mounted this summer by the Provincetown Art Association and Museum, this year’s Summer Salon will also include a number of significant artworks by artists who will be featured in the PAAM exhibition. The theme of the PAAM exhibition is “the genesis of the Figurative Expressionist Movement in Provincetown.” In concert with this, ACME Fine Art will feature Figurative Expressionist works by such pioneers of that movement as Jan Muller, Lester Johnson, Tony Vevers, Jay Milder, and George McNeil.
ACME Fine Art’s 11th Annual SUMMER SALON exhibition will open on Friday, 5 July 2013 and will be on view through Saturday, 17 August 2013 at the gallery’s interim location: 450 Harrison Avenue, Suite 308, Boston, MA 02118. Parking is available. Please contact the gallery at 617.585.9551 or firstname.lastname@example.org for further information about exhibitions or artists. Summer Gallery Hours are 11:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Wednesday through Saturday.
Mary Hackett was born in 1906 in New York City. Her father Cleveland Moffett was a writer and journalist, author of children’s books and mysteries, and an editor at the Paris Herald. She attended Brearley and Lincoln schools and briefly Cornell University, but she never had any formal art training.
In 1926 in Paris she married Chauncey Hackett, a Washington, D.C., lawyer. They had three children, Wendy, Thomas and Patrick. In the early 1930s the Hacketts visited Provincetown for the first time. After several summers renting various houses around town they bought the house on Nickerson Street where she lived until her death.
From the 1930s on she showed regularly at the Provincetown Art Association and during the 1940s at Don Witherstines’ Shore Studios in the West End. In 1970 she had a show at the studio of Jack Gregory on Nelson Avenue. In 1981 she had a large retrospective at the Provincetown Art Association and Museum and another in 1987 at the Chandler Gallery in Wellfleet. She was included in the Long Point Gallery invitational “75:A Celebration” in 1989. She died in September of 1989.
Maryland Institute, College of Art, Baltimore, MD, 1977-79
School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, 1979-81
Fine Arts Work Center Fellowship, Provincetown, MA, 1989-90
Fine Arts Work Center, Second Year Fellowship, Provincetown, MA, 1990-91
New England Foundation for the Arts Grant, 1992
Academic Appointment, Ohio Art Council Grant Review Panel, 1995 Academic Appointment, Fine Arts Work Center Fellowship Review Panel, 2000
Pollock Krasner Foundation Grant, 2002
Norwich School of Art, England, 1986
School of Visual Arts, New York, 1994
Boston University, School of Fine Arts, MA, 1994
Sarah Lawrence College, Bronxville, NY, 1994
University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, 1995
School of Visual Arts, New York, 1995
Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI, 1997
Selected Solo Exhibitions
Provincetown Group Gallery, MA, 1988-91
The Southeast Center for Contemporary Art, Winston, Salem, NC, 1993
Louis Stern Fine Arts, Los Angeles, CA, 1994
Universal Fine Objects, Provincetown, MA, 1992-96
Hackett-Freedman Gallery, San Francisco, CA, 2001
Gregory Lind Gallery, San Francisco, CA, 2003
Washburn Gallery, New York, 1995-2003
Albert Merola Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2006
Tibor de Nagy Gallery, New York, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2010
Selected Group Exhibitions
Van Buren-Brazelton-Cutting Gallery, Cambridge, MA, 1983
Boston Center for the Arts, MA, 1985
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, MA, 1985
East End Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 1987
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, MA, 1989
East Hampton Center for Contemporary Art, NY, 1990
Boston Center for the Arts, MA, 1991
Bard College, Annandale on Hudson, NY, 1992
Associated American Artists, New York, 1992
Neilsen Gallery, Boston, MA, 1992
Cape Cod Museum of Fine Arts, Dennis, MA, 1992
Hunter College, New York, 1992
Susan Cummins Gallery, Mill Valley, CA, 1992
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, MA, 1993
David Beitzel Gallery, New York, 1993
Lyman Allyn Art Museum, New London, CT, 1993
Tower Fine Arts Gallery, SUNY Brockport, NY, 1993
Higgins Gallery, Cape Cod Community College, MA, 1993
Washburn Gallery, New York, 1993
Karl Drerup Fine Arts Gallery, Plymouth State College, MA, 1993
L’École des Beaux-Arts de Lorient, France, 1994
Fine Arts Center, University of Rhode Island, Providence, RI, 1994
O’Hara Gallery, New York, 1995
Kraushaar Galleries, New York, 1995
Robert Steele Gallery, New York, 1997
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, 1997
Louis Stern Fine Art, Los Angeles, CA, 1997
Beth Urdang Gallery, Boston, MA, 1998
Castle Hill Center for the Arts, Truro, MA, 1998
Carrie Haddad Gallery, Hudson, NY, 1999
Kraushaar Galleries, New York, 2001
Neilson Gallery, Boston, MA, 2001
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, MA, 2001
Fine Arts Work Center, Provincetown, MA, 2001
Cape Museum of Fine Art, Dennis, MA, 2001
Connecticut Graphic Arts Center, Norwalk, CT, 2002
Gregory Lind Gallery, San Francisco, CA, 2002
Cape Museum of Fine Arts, Dennis, MA, 2002
Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, CT, 2002
Westbeth Gallery, New York, 2003
Geoffrey Young Gallery, Great Barrington, MA, 2003
Carrie Haddad Gallery, Hudson, NY, 2003
JG Contemporary, New York, 2003
Summer Light, Brick Walk Fine Art, West Hartford, CT, 2006
Zeuxis: Facets of Perception, Snug Harbor Cultural Center, Newhouse Center for Contemporary Art, Staten Island, NY, 2006
Eliminate, curated by John Waters, Albert Merola Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 2007
Reader’s Delight, McKenzie Fine Art, New York, NY, 2010
Sweetness and Light & Where There’s Smoke, Hampden Gallery, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, MA, 2010
Night, Albert Merola Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 2010
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
Newark Museum, NJ
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, MA
École de Arts & Metiers, Geneva.
École de Beaux Arts, Geneva. Awards
5th Annual International Hallmark Prize, 1960.
Selected Solo Exhibitions
1952 Peintures de Alain Brustlein, Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris, France, June 10–July 5.
1955 Daniel Brustlein, Stable Gallery, New York, NY, October 17-November 5.
1959 Daniel Brustlein, Stable Gallery, New York, NY, March 16-April 4.
1960 Galerie Hautefeuille, Paris, France.
1962 Daniel Brustlein, Entre Culturel Americain, Paris, France, May 9-May 29.
1964 Daniel Brustlein: Exhibition of Paintings, Saidenberg Gallery, New York, NY, November 10-December 5.
1969 Brustlein: Peintures Recentes, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, May 28-June 28.
1971 Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Parc Floral de Vincennes, Paris, France, May 13-June 13.
1975 Brustlein: L’Autobus, peintures récentes, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, October 7-November 8.
1977 Livingstone-Learmont Gallery, New York, NY, April 9-April 30.
1978 Daniel Brustlein: New Paintings, A.M. Sachs, New York, NY, May 6-June 1.
1980 A.M. Sachs Gallery, New York, NY, May 6-June 1.
Learmont Gallery, New York, NY.
1981 Daniel Brustlein: Quadriga Series and Other New Paintings, A.M. Sachs, New York, NY, April 25-May 21.
1984 Daniel Brustlein: Paintings of Paris, Venice, Provincetown, Grüenebaum Gallery, New York, NY, March 6-March 31.
Daniel Brustlein: Vernissage, Musée Savoisien, Chambéry, France, September 8-October 29 (catalogue).
1988 Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris, France.
1990 Daniel Brustlein: Recent Paintings, Kouros Gallery, New York, NY, October 17-November 10.
1997 Kouros Gallery, New York, NY.
1999 Daniel Brustlein: Paintings, Kouros Gallery, New York, NY, May 20-June 26.
2002 Daniel Brustlein: Interiors and Landscapes, Kouros Gallery, New York, NY, October 17-November 16.
Selected Group Exhibitions
1925 L’Exposition Internationale des arts décoratif, France, Italy.
1942 Exhibition to Aid the Work of United China, Grand Central Art Galleries, New York, NY, January.
Cartoons Against the Axis, American Society of Magazine Cartoonists, Art Students League, New York, NY, January 17 – February 28.
Cartoons of the Day, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY, May.
1948 Salon des Surindépendants, Paris, France. Also 1949, 1950, 1951.
1951 American Fortnight, Festival at Knokke le Zoute, Beligum, August.
1953 “Second Annual Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture,” Stable Gallery, New York, NY, January-February.
1952 Stable Annual, Stable Gallery, New York, NY. Also 1953.
Recentes Peintures, Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris, February 1–March 8.
Rythmes et Couleurs, Musée Cantonal des Beaux-Arts: Lausanne,” Lausanne, Switzerland, June 20–September 14.
Prix de la Critique Selection, Galerie Saint-Placide, Paris, France, July 5–30.
1955 Fourth New York Artist’s Annual, Stable Gallery, New York, NY, May.
1957 Exhibition of work by Candidates for Grants through the National Institute of Arts and Letters, American Academy of Arts and Letters, New York, NY, March.
Portraits, Tibor de Nagy Gallery, New York, NY, May-June 1.
Holiday Group exhibition, Stable Gallery, New York, NY, December.
1958 Retour a la Peinture, Galerie Hautefeuille, Paris, January 15–February 5.
Les Partenaires Artistiques, La Main Gauche, Paris France, June.
Corcoran Gallery of Art Annual, Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C.
École de Paris, Galerie Charpentier, Paris, France (catalogue).
1959 Contemporary Americans, The Spook Farm Gallery, Far Hills, NJ, February 22–March 31.
1960 Retour a la Peinture, Galerie Hautefeuille, Paris, January 15–February 5.
Constances de la Peinture, Galerie Hautefeuille, Paris, March 25–April 23.
Fifth International Hallmark Art Award Show, Wildenstein Gallery, New York, NY, October 4–October 22.
Corcoran Gallery of Art Annual, Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C.
1961 The Figure: Then & Now, The Visual Arts Gallery, New York, NY, November 20–December 15.
École de Paris, Galerie Charpentier, Paris, France, October–December.
1962 Trois Artistes Américans de Paris: Daniel Brustlein, Shirley Goldfarb, Terry Hass, Le Centre Culturel
Américain, Paris, France, May 9-19; exhibition traveled to Musée de Rennes, Rennes,
June 20-July 22 (brochure).
Karl Kasten, Biala et Daniel Brusltein, Musee des Beaux-Arts, Rennes, June 20.
École de Paris, Galerie Charpentier, Paris, France, October (catalogue).
1963 CORE, Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, NY, May.
1965 Portraits from the American Art World, New School Art Center, New York, NY, February 2–27.
50 Artistes: Exposition Inagurale. Galerie Lutece, Paris, France, November.
1966 10 Américains de Paris, American Cultural Center, Berlin, Germany, March–April.
Cinq Siecles de Dessin, Galerie Lutece, Paris, France, April 19–May 28.
Art Contemporain: Hommage a Marquet, Salon de Montrouge, France, May 2–22.
USA: Arte Vivant, Musée des Augustins, Toulouse, France.
1966–67 Maison de la Culture, Le Havre.
1967 Les Attractions Attentives, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, January 15.
Peinture Ininterrompue I, Galerie Pierre Domec, Paris, France, January 27–February 25.
An Exhibition of Contemporary Painting, Sculpture and Graphic Art, Academy Art Gallery, National Institute of Arts and Letters, New York, March 3–April 2.
Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Salles Wilson, Paris, France, April 1–23.
Art Contemporain et Hommage a Manguin, Salon de Montrouge, May 18–June 4.
Les Artites Solidaires d’Israel, Fonds de Solidarite avec Israel, June.
La Galerie Jacob, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, December 3, 1967– January 5, 1968.
Comparaisons, Paris, France.
1968 Grands & Jeunes d’Aujourd’hui, Paris, France.
Salon IX: Grands et Jeunes D’Aujourd’hui, Salles Wilson, Paris, France, January 1968.
De La peinture avant toute chose, Galerie Yonne, Burgundy, France, August.
1969 Traveling exhibition organized by the Museum of Modern Art, New York, to seven American museums and universities.
1970 108 Portraits de L’Oiseau–Qui-N’Existe-Pas, Musée des Beaux-Arts, January 17–February 22.
1971 Prix de Portrait, Musée Marmottan, Paris, France.
Les Cinq ans de la Galerie Jacob, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, October 22–November 13.
1972 Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Theatre Municipal d’Esh–sur-Aizette, Paris, France, July.
1973 Musee Cantini, Marseilles, France.
Inaugural Exhibition, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, May.
1976 Les Dix ans de la Galerie Jacob, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, April 29–May 29.
4 Pintores de Paris en Galeria Ponce, Galeria Ponce, Madrid, Spain, November–December.
1977 Quelques Peintres Américains a Paris, (Oeuvres des collections Nationales), Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France.
Collectors Gallery XI, McNay Art Institute, San Antonio, TX.
Expo, L’eaurmonph Gallery, Paris, April.
1978 Summer Group Show, Shippee Gallery, New York, NY.
1979 Homage a Chardin, Galerie Jacob, Paris.
1979-’80 La Famille des Portraits, Musee des Arts Decemberoratifs, Paris, France.
1980 Salon de Realites Nouvelles, Paris.
1983 Tenth Anniversary Exhibition of Major Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, Grüenebaum Gallery, New York, NY, September 10–October 15.
1984 Gallery Group Show, Grüenebaum Gallery, New York, NY. Also, 1985-87.
Daniel Brustlein, Musee Savoisien, Chambery, France, September 8–October 29.
1987 Janice Biala & Daniel Brustelin, Grüenebaum Gallery, New York, NY, May 7–May 30.
1988 The Art of Music, Bronx Museum, Bronx, NY, November-December 16.
1989 After Vivaldi, A.M. Sachs, New York, NY, April-May.
1992 Janice Biala and Daniel Brustlein, Sala Pares, Barcelona, Spain, September 29–October 18.
1994 A Family: Biala, D. Brustlein, H. Ford, E. Moskowitz, R. Moskowitz, J. Tworkov, Kouros Gallery, New York, NY, March 10-April 9.
1996 Les Trente Ans de la Galerie Jacob, Galerie Jacob, Paris, France, April.
2001 Pour Janice Biala et Daniel Brustlein, Galerie Arnaud Lefebvre, Paris, France.
Biala and Daniel Brustlein: A Selection of Paintings, Kouros Gallery, New York, NY. January 10–February 10
2004 Biala and Daniel Brustlein: A Marriage in Art and Life, The Hebrew Home for the Aged at Riverdale, NY, January 13–February 29.
2007 A Life in Art and Letters: Priscilla Morgan, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY, September-December.
2009 Draw: Vasari Revisited or A Sparring of Contemporary Thought, Norte Maar, Brooklyn, NY, June 1-13.
Selected Public Collections
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, MD
Hallmark First International, New York, NY
Hebrew Home for the Aged, Riverdale, NY
Musee Cantini, Marseilles, France
Musee d’Ingres, Montalban, France
National Bank of Chicago, Paris
Princeton University Art Museum, Princeton, NJ
Réunion des Musee Nationaux, Paris, France
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
1904 Daniel Brustlein is born in the Alsatian town of Mulhouse, France, September 11.
1919 Publication of a brochure titled “Petite Historire de la Guerre en Caricatures.” This is the artist’s first of many publications of cartoons.
c.1922 Studies in Geneva at the École des Arts & Metiers and École des Beaux Arts.
1924 At the suggestion of a professor, Brustlein leaves Geneva for Paris where he continues his studies and finds work as an illustrator.
1925 Participates in his first public exhibition, “L’Exposition Internationale des Arts Decorative,” which opens in France and travels to Italy.
1927 Moves to New York at the encouragement of a classmate who has found a job for him as an illustrator, humorous cartoonist, and book cover designer.
1930 Travels to Mexico and Guatemala.
1933 Becomes a U.S. citizen.
c.1935 Brustlein’s illustrations and cartoons begin appearing regularly in The New Yorker. His first cover for the magazine appears, November 9. Brustlein signs his work as ‘Alain’ by which name he would become known for his cartoons.
Brustlein’s illustrations begin also appearing regularly in Collier’s, a weekly magazine that had established a reputation as a proponent of social reform featuring writers such as Martha Gellhorn and Ernest Hemingway, who reported on the Spanish Civil War, and Winston Churchill, who wrote an account of the First World War before becoming a minister in the British government. Other writers included Willa Cather, Zane Grey, Ring Lardner and Sinclair Lewis.
1936 Illustrates Farewell to Model T, E.B. White’s serialized novel first published in The New Yorker and later in book form by GP Putnam.
1942 Brustlein participates in an “Exhibition to Aid the Work of United China,” at the Grand Central Art Galleries, New York, winning First Prize, January.
Exhibits in “Cartoons Against the Axis” organized by American Society of Magazine Cartoonists, January 17. Exhibits work in “Cartoons of the Day” at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, May.
Marries painter Janice Biala, July 11. The couple become active within the New York School, associating and befriending artist Willem de Kooning, critic Harold Rosenberg, photographer Rudy Burckhardt, and writer Edwin Denby.
1943 Brustlein and Biala host an informal wedding lunch at a downtown cafeteria for Elaine and Willem
de Kooning, December 9.
1947 Returns to live in Paris with Biala. The couple reunites with old friends and builds new friendships with artists including photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson.
1948 Begins exhibiting his paintings regularly at the “Salon des Surindépendants,” in Paris.
1949 Brustlein and Biala summer at Villefranche-sur-Mer. While there Biala spends a day with Matisse at his home and the couple meets Picasso.
c.1950 Brustlein focuses on painting, which has been his life’s ambition, rather than illustrating. His drawings continue to appear in popular magazines including Saturday Evening Post and Look Magazine.
1951 Brustlein and Biala rent the Paris studio of Cartier-Bresson.
1952 Reflecting Cold War politics, the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 is passed by the United States Government, requiring Brustlein and Biala to return regularly to the United States in order to retain their American citizenship.
Brustlein’s first one-person exhibition of paintings opens at Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris, February 1.
Participates in “Rythmes et Couleurs,” at Musée Cantonal des Beaux-Arts: Lausanne,” in Lausanne, Switzerland, June 20.
Becomes a candidate for the Prix de la Critique, held at Galerie Saint-Placide, Paris, July 5.
Continues to develop friendships with European artists including Victor Bauer and Alberto Giacometti.
1953 Participates in the “Second Annual Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture,” Stable Gallery, New York, January.
Brustlein and Biala purchase a small farmhouse in Peapack, NJ.
1955 First one-person exhibition opens in New York at the Stable Gallery, October 17.
1956 Illustrates the children’s book It’s Spring, It’s Spring by Janice Biala (New York: Whittlesey House).
Writes and illustrates The Elephant and the Flea (New York: Whittlesey House).
1957 Participates in “Portraits” at Tibor de Nagy Gallery, New York, along with Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, Philip Guston, Milton Resnick, and Larry Rivers, May.
1958 Begins exhibiting regularly at “L’Ecole de Paris,” an annual exhibition with rotating venues.
1959 Exhibits portraits and landscapes in his second one-person exhibition at Stable Gallery, New York, March 16.
Illustrates the children’s book Minette by Janice Biala (New York: Whittlesey House).
1960 Receives the 5th Annual International Hallmark Prize. Wildenstein Gallery holds an exhibition of the competition, which tours various national venues. Brustlein’s price winning painting illustrates the cover of Art News, along with a feature article written by Jack Tworkov, October.
1962 Participates in “Trois Artistes Américans de Paris: Daniel Brustlein, Shirley Goldfarb, Terry Hass,” Le Centre Culturel Américain, Paris, France (May 9); exhibition traveles to Musée de Rennes, Rennes, June 20-July 22.
1964 One-person exhibition opens at Saidenberg Gallery, New York, November 10.
1965 Participates in “Portraits from the American Art World,” at New School Art Center, New York, February. Exhibition includes Avery, Baskin, Calder, de Kooning, Diebenkorn, Gorky, Rivers, Segal, and Tomlin.
1966 Participates in ““Cinq Siecles de Dessin,” at Galerie Lutece, Paris, along with Bellmer, Feininger, Giacometti, Gris, Kandinsky, Ladoux, Man Ray, Marquet, Pagava, and Tobey, April 19-May 28.
1967 Begins exhibiting regularly at Galerie Jacob, Paris.
1968 Writes and illustrates the children’s book One, Two, Three, Going to Sea (New York: Scholastic Paperbacks).
1975 Brustlein and Biala visit Egypt and tour North Africa.
1978 Begins exhibiting regularly with Gruenebaum Gallery, New York. Critic Hilton Kramer reviews the show and comments, “In everything that Daniel Brustlein paints there is a sensibility of great refinement” (The New York Times, Friday, May 19, 1978).
1988 One-person exhibition opens at Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris.
1990 One-person exhibition opens at the Kouros Gallery, New York.
1996 Brustlein dies in Paris, July 14. His obituary appears in the New York Times calling him “a painter’s painter.”
Whitney School of Fine Arts, New Haven, CT
Newark School of Fine & Industrial Arts, Newark, NJ
Skowhegan School of Painting & Sculpture, Skowhegan, ME
Brooklyn Museum Art School, Brooklyn, NYSelected Group Exhibitions:
Collage and Construction, Union College, 1959
Twentieth Biennial International Watercolor Exhibition, Brooklyn Museum, 1959
Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, Whitney Museum of American Art, NY, 1959-60
Modern Classicism, David Herbert Gallery, NY, 1960
Recent Painting: The Figure, Museum of Modern Art, 1962
Group Show, Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture, NY, 1966
Four Directions, Carleson Gallery, NY, 1967
Horizon Gallery, NY, 1968
Print Show, Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY, 1970
Hassam Purchase Fund Exhibition, American Academy of Arts and Letters, NY, 1973
Landmark Gallery, NY, 1973
Maine Coast Artists, Rockport, Maine, 1974
Soho and So, 20th Annual Contemporary American Painting Exhibition, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, 1974
A Soho Sampler, 63rd Annual Contemporary American Painting Exhibition, Randolph Macon Woman’s College, Lynchburg, VA, 1974
Works on Paper, Weatherspoon Gallery, Greensboro, NC, 1975
Drawing Show, Landmark Gallery, NY, 1975
118 Show, Landmark Gallery, New York, 1975
Subject Matter, Landmark Gallery, New York, 1975
Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Fort Wayne, IN, 1976
Verle #2, Hartford, CT, 1976
118 Show, Landmark Gallery, New York, 1976
Hadassah, Westwood, NJ, 1977
10 Downtown, P.S.1., Institute for Art & Urban Resources, Queens, New York, 1977
Maine Coast Artists, Rockport, Maine, 1977
10 Painters of Maine, Landmark Gallery, NY, 1977
Painting and Sculpture Today, Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, IN, 1978
Sculpture, Landmark Gallery, New York, NY, 1979
Art Fellows Summer Invitational, Belfast, ME, 1981
New Dimensions in Drawing, Aldrich Museum, CT, 1981
The Chair Show, Thorpe Intermedia Gallery, Sparkill, NY, 1981, 1982
Tenth Anniversary Exhibition, Landmark Gallery, New York, NY, 1982
National Academy of Design, New York, NY, 1982
Kornbluth Gallery, New York, NY, 1984
Invitational, Art Fellows Gallery, ME, 1985
Gallery Camino Real, Boca Raton, FL, 1985
The Artist Native, Contemporary Images, New York, NY, 1984-86
Marden Fine Arts, New York, NY, 1984-86
Betsy Marden Gallery, New York, NY, 1986
Ingber Gallery, New York, NY, 1986
Group Show, Art Fellows Gallery, ME, 1987
Farnsworth Museum Auction, Rockland, ME, 1987
Maine Nuclear Referendum CT, Portland, ME, 1987
3rd Annual Wildlife & Sporting Art Show, Augusta, ME, 1987
Hobe Sound Gallery, Portland, ME, 1987, 1989
National Drawing Show, Austin Peay State University, Clarksville, TN (Took Purchase Prize both years), 1987-89
National Academy of Design, New York, NY, 1990
National Academy, 167th Annual Exhibition, New York, NY, 1992
The Maine Legacy, Portland Museum of Art, ME, 1996
Bowdoin College, Brunswick, ME, 1997
Maine Art Gallery, Wiscassett, ME, 1997
Maine Mountain Group Show, O’Farrell Gallery, Brunswick, ME, 2000
Maine & The Modern Spirit, Katonah, Katonah, NY, 2000
Maine Coast Artist, Rockport, ME, 1993, 1994, 2001
Ernden Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 2002
Finn Gallery, Greenwich, CT, 2002-03
River Tree Gallery, Kennebunk, ME, 2004
Center for Maine Contemporary Arts, Rockport, ME, 2002, 2004
Greenhut Gallery, Portland, ME, 2004
Round Top Gallery, Damariscotta, ME, 2005
Maine Discovery Museum, Bangor, ME, 2005
Audubon Society, Falmouth, ME, 2006
National Academy, New York, NY, 2006
Greenhut Gallery, Portland, ME, 2006
Downtown Gallery, Washington, ME, 2007
Gallery 6170, Damariscotta, ME, 2007
Landing Gallery, Rockland, ME, 2008
Selected Solo Exhibitions:
Roko Gallery, NY, 1955
Tanager Gallery, NY, 1958
’59 Area Gallery, NY, 1959, 1961
Louis Alexander Gallery, NY, 1962
Green Mountain Gallery, NY, 1971
Watercolor Show, Horizon Gallery, NY, 1971
Carlson Gallery, Arnold Bernhard Arts & Humanities Center, Bridgeport, CT, 1976
Landmark Gallery, NY, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1979
Jorgenson Gallery, University of Connecticut, Storrs, 1979
Charcoal Drawings, Landmark Gallery, 1979
Drawings, Landmark Gallery, New York, NY, 1981
Suzanne Gross Gallery, Philadelphia, PA, 1983
Camino Real, Boca Raton, FL, 1985
Anne Weber Gallery, ME, 1986
Bell Gallery, Rhinebeck, NY, 1987
Seraphim Gallery, Englewood, NJ, 1988
Patrucci Gallery, Saugerties, NY, 1998
Frick Gallery, Belfast, ME, 1998
Maine Art Gallery, Wiscassett, ME, 1999
O’Farrell Gallery, Brunswick, ME, 2001
Ernden Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 2002, 2003
Round Top Center for the Arts, Damariscotta, ME, 1998, 2003
Center for Maine Contemporary Art, Rockport, ME, 2003
Greenhut Gallery, Portland, ME, 2003, 2006
Jameson Modern, Portland, ME, 2008
Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
New Britain Museum, Hartford, CT
Portland Museum of Art, Portland, ME
Columbia Museum of Art, Columbia, SC
The Butler Museum of American Art, CT
New York City Center Gallery, New York, NY
Art in Embassies Program, Washington, DC and abroad
Boston Mutual Life Insurance Company, Canton, MA
Junior College of Albany, Albany, NY
Emory Collection, Emory University, Atlanta, GA
Prudential Insurance, Newark, NJ
Port Authority, New York, NY
Citibank, New York, NY
AT&T, New York, NY
University of West Virginia, Morgantown, WV
Austin Peay State University, Clarkesville, TN
Westchester University, Westchester, PA
International Nickel Co., New York, NY
Private study with Morris Graves, 1931
New Orleans Arts and Crafts School, 1937-38
New Bauhaus, Chicago
Hans Hoffman School, NYC & Provincetown, MA, 1938-41
Pratt Institute, 1958-63
Hunter College, NY, 1968-72
Fine Arts Work Center, Provincetown, MA, 1968-72
Exchange Fellowship, Italian Government Grant, Florence, 1950-51
Art Institute of Chicago, American Show Sculpture Award, 1964
Fulbright Fellowship, 1964-65
Solomon R. Guggenheim Grant, 1975
Selected Solo Exhibitions
Hugo Gallery, 1947, 1950
The Kootz Gallery, 1952
The Stable Gallery, 1958
Martha Jackson Gallery, 1959, 1973, 1976, 1977
Issac Delgado Museum of Art, New Orleans, 1960
Gallery Stadler, Paris, 1960
Michael Warren Gallery, 1960
Gallery Mayer, New York, 1960
Weatherspoon Gallery, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 1963
Tibor de Nagy Gallery, 1963, 1964
The Arts Club of Chicago, 1965
Oklahoma Art Center, 1974
Newport Art Association, 1974
New Orleans Museum of Art, 1974,1993 (retrospective)
Cherry Stone Gallery, Wellfleet, MA, 1977, 1986
Long Point Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1984
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1978
Andre Zarre, New York, 1978
Landmark Gallery Inc., NYC, 1979, 1982
Galerie Schlesinger-Boisanté, NYC, 1982, 1986, 1987
Fine Arts Work Center, Provincetown, MA, 1986
Portland Museum of Art, 1987
Hunter College, NY, 1987
William Benton Museum of Art, University of Connecticut at Storrs, 1989
University of Connecticut, 1989 (retrospective)
Tilden-Foley Gallery, New Orleans, 1989, 1991, 1993
Galerie Schlesinger, NY, 1989-2004
Kouros Gallery, NY, 1991
Gallery Schlesinger, 1997, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2005
Kendall Campus Art Gallery, Miami-Dade Community College, FL, 1998, 1999
Gallery of the College of Staten Island, CUNY, NY, 1999
Albert Merola Gallery, Provincetown, MA, 1999-2004
Galerie Simonne Stern, New Orleans, LA, 1999
Shannon Foley Fine Art, New Orleans, LA, 2003
Selected Group Exhibitions
Whitney Museum of American Art, 1950, 1952, 1955
Stable Gallery, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1956
Art Institute of Chicago, 1964
Museum of Modern Art, 1964
International Institute of Education, 1975
New York University, 1981
City University of New York, 1985
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, 1994
Selected Public Collections
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum of Art, New York
Museum of American Art, Washington, DC
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
Corcoran Museum of Art, Washington, DC
Ogden Museum of Southern Art, New Orleans
University of California, Berkeley
McCrory Corporation, New York
Ciba-Geigy Collection, Ardsley, New York
Williams College, Williamstown, MA
Montclair Museum of Art, Montclair, NJ
Reynolds Aluminum Collection, Richmond, VA
Prudential Life Insurance Collection, NJ
Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Provincetown, MA
Kalamazoo College Collection, Kalamazoo, MI